Brandenburg Gate

About Germany

Germany, or the Federal Republic of Germany as it is known officially, is a central European country attracting thousands of international students and workers yearly. As a major economic force and a country showcasing rich and diverse cultures, Germany is considered to be one of the best places to live in. 

Read on to find out some general information about the Germany.


General Information about Germany

Learn more about the diverse country

Firstly, the capital of Germany is Berlin, which has a population of 3.57 million and is geographically 9 times as large as Paris.

Where is Germany located?

Germany lies in what is often called Central Europe, north of the Alps, south of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. It's east of France, and west of Poland.

What continent is Germany in?

Technically, Germany is a part of Europe. In fact, the country is the most influential member of the European Union (EU) and the Eurozone, and its most populous member as well.

How big is Germany?

Germany has a land area of 137,000 square miles.

What is the population of Germany?

As of 2018, there were 82.79 million German residents.

What time is it in Germany?

Germany uses Central European Summer Time (CST), which is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. Incidentally, Germans were also the first people to adjust their clocks to Daylight Savings Time, making the switch in 1916.

Other important German facts:

  • Highest Mountain: Zugspitze in the Bavarian Alps is 2,962 meters high.
  • Largest Lake: Lake Constance (or the Bodensee) has an area of 207 square miles.
  • Biggest City: Berlin is the largest German city, followed by Hamburg (1.81 million), and Munich (1.45 million). Frankfurt has around 750,000 inhabitants or 2.3 million in the wider urban area.
  • Average Income: Salaries average 3,700 EUR per month (about 45,000 EUR per year).
  • Life Expectancy: 80.64 years (2016).
  • Literacy Rate: 99% of Germans can read and write.