Germany vs. Sweden: 15 factors to consider
When comparing Germany and Sweden, it is crucial to consider various factors. Here are all the 15 key points to keep in mind:
In Germany, tuition fees at public universities are free for everyone, including international students from outside the EU. This is because the German government subsidizes education heavily. In Sweden, tuition fees could set you back between €7,915 and €29,188 per year. However, tuition fees are free if you're a student from an EU country.
The cost of living in Germany is lower than in Sweden. For example, you can expect to spend between €800 and €1,000 per month (including rent) in Germany, compared to €900-€1,200 per month in Sweden. Keep in mind that the living costs in Sweden do not include rent and tuition fees, making it unaffordable for several international students.
There has been an enormous uptick in the admission rate to Swedish universities in recent years to encourage more international students to apply. Due to the popularity of free education in German universities, the admission rate is just under 30%. However, there are over 400 universities in Germany compared to Sweden's 50, so your chances of getting accepted in both countries are still pretty high.
Option to Work While Studying
In both countries, you are allowed to work while you study. The most significant difference between the two countries is the hours you're allowed to work for.
In Germany, you can work part-time up to 20 hours per week during 240 days a year, or work full-time 40 hours per week, 120 days per year.
On the flip side, Sweden does not have an official limitation on the number of hours you can work for. However, students cannot allow their work to affect their studies, which will have severe implications on the residence permit.
If you stay in Sweden for more than six months, you can expect to pay around 30% of your income in taxes. The German tax system is a bit more lenient for international students as you can earn a tax-free income of up to € 9,744 per year. But if you make more than that, you can expect to pay income tax of between 14% and 47%.
If you are from an EU country, you do not need a visa to study or work in Germany or Sweden. If you're from any other country, you must apply for a student visa. The visa process and required documents are similar for both countries. Germany requires you to provide proof of funds of €10,332 per year in a Blocked Account, and about €800 per month in your bank account is enough for the entire study duration in Sweden.
Option to Live and Work After Graduating
Unfortunately, you are only given six months to find full-time employment in Sweden. On top of that, you would also have to prove that you could support yourself financially to get that extension.
Germany is a lot more welcoming towards international students in this matter with its 18-month job seeker visa. This type of permit should give enough time for prospects to find jobs related to their field of study or start their own business.
Number of International Students
Being one of the popular study destinations in Europe, Germany is home to more than 300,000 international students. Sweden has less than 30,000 international students, but this number increases every year. It's also good to note that Germany has hundreds of universities so the country can accommodate more students.
Germany is your best bet if you want to be based in a country with lots to offer when it comes to location. It's a vast country with diverse landscapes and plenty of cities to choose from. Moreover, Germany shares borders with nine countries, which means you can easily take weekend trips to visit neighboring countries whenever you want.
Sweden is a lot quieter, but its capital, Stockholm, is bustling with vibrant life. International students are limited to only a few cities to live in Sweden, so Germany is the way to go if you're looking to expand your network.
Europe, in general, has always been one of the safest regions in the world. Sweden and Germany consistently rank the top safest countries in Europe, if not the world. International students would have no trouble living peacefully in both countries.
Sweden has one of the best health care systems in the world. You're automatically covered by the national health service, either by the government or directly by the university, depending on the duration of your studies in the country.
Everyone has to be covered by either public or private insurance providers in Germany. This system ensures everyone accesses the best healthcare at no additional cost other than monthly fees.
Employability After Graduating
Both countries have a positive outlook when it comes to employment after graduation. After graduating from a Swedish university, the employment rate is as high as 89%, and 81% in Germany.
However, as noted above, international students are given only six months to find jobs in Sweden suitable for their field of study, versus 18 months in Germany. This period means graduates would have less pressure and take their time to find employment in Germany.
If you're not fluent in German or Swedish, don't worry too much as both countries have a high proficiency in English. Sweden is one of the top non-native English-speaking countries in the world.
Even though you don't need German to study at a German university, it would still help you learn the basics so that you can deal with government-related matters due to its strict regulations.
Germany and Sweden are not too different when it comes to weather conditions. They both have cold winters and warm summers, with slightly colder temperatures in Sweden due to their location. Sweden enjoys a bit of sunshine in the summer months but heavy rain in fall or winter.
Germany has warmer weather in the summer and experiences rainfall almost in each season.