Option to live and work after graduating
Another benefit of studying abroad is living and working in the same country after graduating. In Germany, you can apply for an 18-month residence permit after completing your degree, which allows you to work without any restrictions. In the USA, it's more challenging to stay in the country after graduating. You can apply for a 12-month OPT (Optional Practical Training), which allows you to work in any field for up to 12 months. However, it would be best to have a job offer lined up before applying for the OPT.
Number of international students
The number of international students at universities in Germany and the USA is another important consideration. Around 25% of the student population in Germany are international students, while this number is closer to 40% in the USA. You'll be able to meet many people from all over the world when studying in the USA but will have more opportunities to practice your German skills when studying in Germany. Germany is also home to eleven of the most international universities in the world's top 100.
When choosing a country to study in, it's essential to consider the location. Cities in Germany have a well-connected train system and are close to many popular European countries. There's an opportunity to fully immerse yourself in beautiful European cities within hours' reach. The USA is about 28 times the size of Germany, so traveling outside of the USA to nearby countries can be very costly (and not to mention, traveling long hours by plane).
The safety of students in Germany and the USA is generally reasonable. However, there have been some crimes against international students in both countries.
In Germany, international students must have health insurance as part of the visa requirements. It is required for international students and everyone living in Germany. It ensures that you are covered if you ever need medical assistance. The rising healthcare costs are a big concern for international students in the USA. If a health insurance company does not cover you, you will have to pay out-of-pocket for exorbitant medical expenses.
Employability after graduating
How easily you'll be able to find a job after graduating is an essential consideration for many students. In Germany, most employers prefer to hire graduates with a degree from a German university. Meanwhile, having a degree might no longer be considered necessary in the USA as big companies like Google and Apple offer well-paying jobs to those without a college degree.
Depending on your income, you might have to pay taxes if you're working while studying in Germany. The tax rate starts at 14%, rising in a series of income tax brackets to 45% for the highest earners. Like Germany, income taxes in the USA also increase the more you earn. These taxes range between 10% to 37%.
The language barrier can be a challenge when studying in Germany or the USA. Most universities offer degree programs taught in English in Germany, but you would still have to learn some German to live in certain cities. If your level of English is good, you will not have a problem studying and living in the USA.
When choosing a country to study in, it's also essential to consider the weather. In Germany, it's usually cold and rainy with snow in winter, while the climate varies depending on which state or city you choose to study in the USA. For example, New York City is typically hot and humid during summer, while Los Angeles can be hot all year round.
Lastly, it's important to consider the culture of each country. There are several differences between German and American culture. German people are known for their art and engineering. They are also famous worldwide for their love of beer and sausage. The culture in the USA is also famous all around the world. In the USA, you will find more of a mixture of many other cultures, such as Latin American, Asian, and different European cultures, such as Italian. However, in both counties, you can find people from all over the world living together and sharing their unique cultures.